‘Tis the Season to Host Responsibly
A fun, festive time can quickly turn somber if one of your guests becomes injured. Before throwing your next holiday party, it is important to understand your legal responsibilities as a host and protect yourself from possible liability issues.
If you serve alcohol, are you liable for your guests’ actions?
In 2006, the Supreme Court of Canada released the decision Childs v Desormeaux. This decision established social liability and what it entails for those who choose to host parties. Essentially, it held that hosts are entitled to respect their guest’s independent decision making. Contrary to commercial hosts (for example, restaurants), private hosts are not responsible for the actions of their party-go’ers. This means that as a general rule, a private host cannot be held liable for injuries caused by a guest to a third party. The judge in Desormeaux, at paragraph 47, held:
I conclude that hosting a party at which alcohol is served does not, without more, establish the degree of proximity required to give rise to a duty of care on the hosts to third-party highway users who may be injured by an intoxicated guest.
In other words, if an intoxicated guest leaves a party and injures another in a motor vehicle accident, the party host will not be held liable for the guest’s actions.
However, like most areas of the law, there are exceptions to the rule set out by Desormeaux. Depending on the facts of the case,a host can be held liable for a guest’s actions. For example, if you amplify the risks of severe intoxication by encouraging the practice of drinking games, you could be held partially liable for injuries caused to a third party. In such a case, the court would examine the proximity between the parties to see if there was a duty of care due to one individual by the other.
Other exceptions to the no-liability rule set out in Desormeaux include serving and selling alcohol to minors. Such practices are crimes as defined by the Nova Scotia Liquor Control Act that give rise to penalties ranging from fines to imprisonment.
Are you liable if your guest becomes injured on your property?
As held by Desormeaux, each case relies on the facts at hand. Above ensuring the safe consumption of alcohol, private party hosts must also ensure their property is reasonably safe for others. This is another branch of law called occupier’s liability. Read more about occupier’s liability here.
To ensure you and yours enjoy a safe and happy holiday season:
Allow your guests to consume alcohol at their own rate
Encourage your guests to organize ridesharing (i.e. taxi)
Ensure your property is free of hazard. Check for uneven, broken, or faulty structures, such as unsafe steps or missing railings
MacGillivray Injury and Insurance Law is Atlantic Canada’s leading personal injury law firm. If you’ve been injured at the hands of another, we will help you build your civil case against the negligent party. Contact us today to book your free consultation.
At MacGillivray Injury and Insurance Law, we help injury victims across Atlantic Canada pursue justice and fair compensation for their injuries. If you’ve been injured at the fault of another contact us at 1-888-434-0398 for a free consultation.